Probiotics for atopic dermatitis: efficacy and safety as a treatment

Atopic dermatitis is a chronic inflammatory disease of the skin, characterized by intense itching, dry skin, inflammation and exudate. The treatment of atopic dermatitis is aimed at treating the symptoms. Antihistamines are used to eliminate pruritus. Topical corticosteroids are considered a very effective treatment, but have a high incidence of adverse effects; while calcineurin inhibitors are an effective alternative, although they have risks that are yet to be defined. On the other hand, we have emollients as a coadjuvant and preventive treatment of skin care.

Recent studies have proven the efficacy and safety of probiotics in atopic dermatitis. These act on the intestinal microbiota reducing its alteration (dysbiosis).

Therefore, we find a possible update of the treatment for atopic dermatitis. It is a food supplement that would act as a coadjutant improving the response to the disease.

Figure: Percentage of decrease in the SCORAD index in the probiotic group and the placebo group during the 12 weeks of treatment.

Source: Community Pharmacists